Maize is the most important cereal crop in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and an important staple food for more than 1.2 billion people in SSA and Latin America. It is grown throughout the temperate, sub-tropical and tropical regions of the world at altitudes from 0 to 3,200 m above sea level.
The economic importance of maize ranges from its use as human food, animal feed and as raw material for a large number of industrial products. All parts of the crop can be used for food and non-food products. In Africa, most of the maize production is used for human consumption.
Maize production in Africa is confronted with a number of challenges: Production-limiting factors include low soil nutrient supply, Striga parasitism, diseases, pests and poor management practices. Abiotic constraints encompass droughts, flooding, salinity, metal toxicity and high and low temperatures. In the future, increasing drought periods will likely cause problems for maize production in Africa.
text: Kwadwo Obeng-Antwi
Amit Kumar Srivastava; Cho Miltin Mboh; Thomas Gaiser; Heidi Webber; Frank Ewert. 2016. Effect of sowing date distributions on simulation of maize yields at regional scale – A case study in Central Ghana, West Africa. Agricultural Systems (147): 10-23.Download
Kiatkamjon Intani, Sajid Latif, A.K.M. Rafayatul Kabir, Joachim Müller. 2016. Effect of self-purging pyrolysis on yield of biochar from maize cobs, husks and leaves. Bioresource Technology (218): 541-551.