Bush Control and Biomass Utilisation Project
01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017
Bush encroachment is a main factor of land degradation in Namibia. Through the excessive growth of local bush species at the expense of grasses, biodiversity decreases, groundwater recharge is limited and, importantly, agricultural productivity declines.
Public and private stakeholders in Namibia cooperate in the implementation of a national Bush Control and Biomass Utilisation programme. The programme consists of the three components:
- Creation of an enabling framework
- Advisory services and
- Biomass value chain development
The programme aims at the restoration of productive rangeland.
- Increased biodiversity, most importantly the restoration of a healthy grass layer: the thinning of the bush density allows the grass layer to recover
- Improved groundwater recharge: through the thinning of the bush density, a significantly increased amount of water can enter the groundwater, evapotranspiration is reduced
- Strengthening of livelihoods especially in rural areas
- Employment creation with a particular focus on women, e.g. in biomass handling and packaging
- Increased drought resilience through increased rangeland productivity and on-farm-solutions, such as bush based animal feed production
- Employment creation in form of labour intenstive bush control as well as mechanised bush control
- Additional income for farmers through the sale of biomass added value products, e.g. charcoal
- Substitution of imported goods, e.g. bush based animal feed as a substitute for imported commercial feed and lucerne
- Diversified energy mix on a national level through the introduction of biomass power plants (for the national grid as well as off-grid island solutions in remote areas)
Overall it is envisioned that a biomass utilisation and processing sector develops in Namibia. Existing companies in this field have organised under the non-profit umbrella Namibia Biomass Industry Group (N-BiG, www.n-big.org) and a dedicated advisory service was launched under the name De-bushing Advisory Service (DAS, www.dasnamibia.org).
Namibia is in the unique position of having an enourmes resource of surplus biomass, which is estimated at about 200-300 million tonnes. Under all current utilisation scenarios, the resource grows faster than it can be harvested, despite the intention to reduce bush encroachment.
CONSERVATION OF GREATER AMANZULE WETLANDS
01.10.2015 - 30.09.2019
Hen Mpoano is collaborating with the US Forest Service International Programs to conserve the Greater Amanzule wetlands. In the local Nzema dialect, Amanzule means water for communities. The wetlands comprise vast mangrove forests, coastal lagoons, estuaries and peat swamp forests that support critical biodiversity, traditional livelihoods and the local fishing economy in the Western region of Ghana.
Conservation of the wetlands falls within the broader framework of the 3-year USAID funded Coastal Sustainable Landscapes Project (CSLP) which aims at contributing to moving Ghana into a low greenhouse gas emissions, high carbon sequestration development pathway in the land use sector.
Hen Mpoano’s role within this collaborative effort involves working with 23 communities fringing the Amanzule wetlands and through local governance structures to facilitate awareness creation on the benefits of the wetlands; providing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) support for mapping and spatial analyses as well as offering extension services and livelihood incentives to assist communities develop functional management plans and processes for the wetlands.
BiomassWeb – Improving food security in Africa through increased system productivity of biomass-based value webs
01.07.2013 - 30.06.2018
Given the increasing global demand for food, feed, industrial raw
material and energy crops, BiomassWeb aims at contributing to food
security in Sub-Saharan Africa through harnessing productivity and
efficiency gains in the whole biomass-producing, processing and trading
system. This will be achieved by an increased integration of all value
web components and the cascading utilization of biomass.
Biomass as a renewable resource is expected to play an increasingly
important role in the future economies of most countries in sub-Saharan
Africa. The expected trends of rising demand for more diverse
biomass-based produce from agricultural land will transform the
traditional agriculture from a food-supplying to a biomass-supplying
sector. Many African countries have the potential to not only meet their
own future demand for biomass-based produce but also to provide other
African and industrial countries with raw materials and, most
importantly, processed biomass products. But the actual available
biomass is underutilized in sub-Saharan Africa. Concepts to increase
food security while attending growing demands for non-food biomass and
developing alternative biomass sources are still in their infant stages.
These gaps will be addressed by the BiomassWeb project.
Bonn Climate Project; the case for hydrogen
01.01.2000 - 31.12.2100
Due to the drastic climate change and its already perceptable consequences which cascade over us daily somewhere in the world, large-scale climate protection combined with development work, is urgently-needed and must start immediately, in many poor countries, which are plagued by world peacethreatening extreme heat, drought, waterd shortage, crop failure, diseases, warfare. For almost all problems, there is a solution. We have them and provide important foundations for this task. Bonn Climate Project – for a healthy future
STAREC DRC & ICEPS CTC – Agricultur Development Project with Energy Production and -supply for DRC and Angola as border Country
01.06.2016 - 31.12.2020
The century’s great defiance: climate catastrophes and refugees
Due to the drastic climate change and its already perceptable consequences which cascade over us daily somewhere in the world, large-scale climate protection combined with infrastructure development work, is urgently-needed and must start immediately, especilally in manifold poor developing and least developed countries, which are plagued by world peace-threatening extreme heat, drought, water shortage, crop failure, diseases, and warfare.
This is why
– STAREC – Stabilisation and Reconstruction Programme of D.R. Congo already have set-up a liaison and cooperation office at the CTC – Climate Technology Centre in Bonn, Germany, to elaborate and develop immediately-needed solutions for DR Congo and Kivu Lake Region.
The Bonn Climate Project serves refugee prevention by development of rural areas with decentrally-produced energy and energy systems in the interior of D.R. Congo and Africa, and all LDCs, creation of labour and employment, capacity-building, and simultaneously, the combat of climate change.
There is an agreement to promptly and immediately start with the implementation of the contents of the socio-political and socio-economical Bonn Climate Project in the D.R. Congo.
In particular, the purpose of STAREC Kivu/Goma’s liaison office at the CTC – Climate Technology Centre Bonn, is to centrally and from there, obtain all future measures regarding the procurement of climate technologies and methodologies, machinery, education, training and knowledge, and the development of CDM-model projects from Germany, the emphasis of which will be on water transportation, agriculture, renewable energies, climate, environmental, and water protection, and infrastructure-building.
Equally essential is the reduction of refugee streams from DRC and Africa to Germany and to the EU, by creating natural living conditions by means of poverty by the provision of German knowhow, technologies, and vocational and professional training according to the proven German Dual Vocational Training System.
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Bonn Climate Project; Clean Energy for Infrastructure measures in Developing Countries
01.12.2015 - 01.12.2030
International Joint Research and Development Project, with integrated education and professional Training for developing and emerging countries
Drying of cassava: Osmodehydration and foam-mat drying
16.11.2015 - 15.07.2019
Kinetics of Osmodehydration and foam mat drying, and potential of these methods of drying for cassava in reducing energy costs and time for drying. Relatively simple processes practicable in rural settings.
BiomassWeb – Improving food security in Africa through increased system productivity of biomass-based value webs (WP 5.1)
07.01.2013 - 06.06.2017
Commonly, post-harvest technology is performed in a one-dimensional chain approach. Most value adding steps in those processing chains are performed in agro-industry. By-products along the processing chain are mostly seen as waste and dumped, which causes environmental problems. However, in a web-approach all parts of a crop can be used, increasing resource use efficiency and generating maximum returns for the rural population. Therefore, increasing web integration at the post-harvest level will stimulate innovations and efficiency gains together with economic benefits.
In this work package, a systematic matrix screening of existing and potential future pathways in the biomass webs will be carried out. The result will reveal areas for developing innovations in postharvest processing. Fundamental knowledge about physical and chemical properties relevant for energetic or material use of various biomass fractions will be generated in lab research. Conversion methods like hydrothermal treatment, pyrolysis and fermentation as well as protein extraction will be developed on lab scale. Biogas production from coffee processing wastes in combinations with further feedstock like crop residues from enset, banana or plantain will be investigated in laboratory research. Digestates will be processed and converted into organic designer fertilizer on the basis of complementary compounds from compost, biochar and ashes produced from crop residues. The organic designer fertilizer will be tested in the greenhouse and on the field respectively.
Most promising solutions of multifunctional use of cassava, coffee and maize biomass will be identified. Successful approaches will be tested and optimized in Ethiopia in a participatory research approach together with farmer cooperatives.