Bamboo, trees and grasses
Bamboo is a group of woody perennial grasses that grow in the tropic and sub-tropic parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. While in Asia bamboo sprouts are widely appreciated as a food item, in Africa bamboo is mostly considered a source of non-food biomass.
Bamboo resources effectively complement timber use in building and construction, pulpwood, flooring, panel products, furniture and artisanry. Due to its high heating value, bamboo-based firewood and charcoal are suitable alternatives for similar wood-based products. Other grasses native to Africa such as Napier grass (or elephant grass) also present opportunities as a forage crop.
Bamboo and grasses have proven to be useful for helping to meet both socioeconomic and environmental needs. However, further research is needed to identify suitable species, ecological conditions and enabling socio-economic factors for a sustainable production of these grasses in Africa.
Christine Fürst, Susanne Frank, Katrin Pietzsch, Frank Pietzsch GISCAME 2.0 – Manual v2.4 PiSolution GmbH
The software GISCAME (formerly „Pimp Your Landscape“) supports the simulation, visualisation, and evaluation of land use changes. Due to its modular structure, problems can be elaborated individually from different perspectives.
GISCAME pursues the aim to evaluate land use based on available regional knowledge (empirical data, model results/reports, and expert knowledge) in order to provide a tool to weigh action alternatives for the planner. GISCAME considers the landscape as an integrative layer for interactions between different land use types, land users, and ecosystem processes, which contribute to the provision of ecosystem services. The integrated evaluation and regulation system allows the formulation of parameters as well as the setting of conversion rules.
GISCAME is one of three components of the GISCAME Suite. For bundling data and for selecting a model region from an interactive map, the software OSM4GISCAME is used. Data which contain gaps or which have too low thematic resolution, can be completed or specified with the help of the structure generator SG4GISCAME.