Fruits and Nuts
Fruits and nuts contribute to food security, nutrition and income generation in Africa. These crops supply important vitamins and micro-nutrients in people’s diets and constitute raw materials in several industrial sectors like pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The waste and organic by-products like pulps and husks generated from processing fruits and nuts can be converted into value-added products and animal feed.
Mango, pineapple, coffee, plantain and banana are a few examples of widely cultivated fruits that are important cash crops and/or essential starchy staple foods for Africa. Almonds, pistachios, and cashew are some of the nuts produced for local demand and for export to Western countries and Asia.
Constraints related to the production of fruits and nuts in Africa include traditional low-input systems, diseases and pests, high post-harvest losses due to product perishability and poor conservation, the effects of climate change, and low rates of adoption of technologies and best practices.
Food Monitor is an early warning system that tracks global food price and supply risks which could potentially lead to food insecurity.
The causes of food insecurity are complex and multi-dimensional. After decades of low agricultural commodity prices, the 2007/08 food price crisis witnessed extreme price spikes on global markets, which had devastating consequences for developing countries. Food Monitor was established to warn about global food price and supply risks at the early stages of development. We monitor key staple commodities and their extreme price movements on global food markets, fulfilling a crucial gap that is missing in other early warning systems.
We use a simple traffic light system for each of our four indicators to warn about the current levels of risk associated with global food prices and supply.