Fruits and Nuts
Fruits and nuts contribute to food security, nutrition and income generation in Africa. These crops supply important vitamins and micro-nutrients in people’s diets and constitute raw materials in several industrial sectors like pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The waste and organic by-products like pulps and husks generated from processing fruits and nuts can be converted into value-added products and animal feed.
Mango, pineapple, coffee, plantain and banana are a few examples of widely cultivated fruits that are important cash crops and/or essential starchy staple foods for Africa. Almonds, pistachios, and cashew are some of the nuts produced for local demand and for export to Western countries and Asia.
Constraints related to the production of fruits and nuts in Africa include traditional low-input systems, diseases and pests, high post-harvest losses due to product perishability and poor conservation, the effects of climate change, and low rates of adoption of technologies and best practices.
Christine Fürst, Susanne Frank, Katrin Pietzsch, Frank Pietzsch GISCAME 2.0 – Manual v2.4 PiSolution GmbH
The software GISCAME (formerly „Pimp Your Landscape“) supports the simulation, visualisation, and evaluation of land use changes. Due to its modular structure, problems can be elaborated individually from different perspectives.
GISCAME pursues the aim to evaluate land use based on available regional knowledge (empirical data, model results/reports, and expert knowledge) in order to provide a tool to weigh action alternatives for the planner. GISCAME considers the landscape as an integrative layer for interactions between different land use types, land users, and ecosystem processes, which contribute to the provision of ecosystem services. The integrated evaluation and regulation system allows the formulation of parameters as well as the setting of conversion rules.
GISCAME is one of three components of the GISCAME Suite. For bundling data and for selecting a model region from an interactive map, the software OSM4GISCAME is used. Data which contain gaps or which have too low thematic resolution, can be completed or specified with the help of the structure generator SG4GISCAME.
Food Monitor is an early warning system that tracks global food price and supply risks which could potentially lead to food insecurity.
The causes of food insecurity are complex and multi-dimensional. After decades of low agricultural commodity prices, the 2007/08 food price crisis witnessed extreme price spikes on global markets, which had devastating consequences for developing countries. Food Monitor was established to warn about global food price and supply risks at the early stages of development. We monitor key staple commodities and their extreme price movements on global food markets, fulfilling a crucial gap that is missing in other early warning systems.
We use a simple traffic light system for each of our four indicators to warn about the current levels of risk associated with global food prices and supply.