Livestock is considered an important asset for many African farmers, contributing to food security and improved nutrition, income, and social status. For poor rural households, livestock can reduce vulnerability and risk stemming from a high dependency on rain-fed agriculture.
Some livestock food products are meat, milk, eggs, and other processed dairy items. Non-food uses include manure for energy and fertilizer production, draught power for farming and skins for leather. The main stocks consist of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and poultry. Demand for livestock products in Africa is expected to increase by 145% for meat and 155% for milk by 2050 from 2005/07 levels.
Constraints associated with livestock rearing are the lack of adequate pasture and feed, diseases and pests, the lack of research to increase productivity, and market distortions. Over-stocking and over-grazing can also pose severe environmental problems like land degradation, and cause conflicts within communities between pastoralists and farmers.
Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Women in Agricultural Development, MOFA WIAD, Ghana and Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, FARA 29.11.2017 BiomassWeb DDRD Project: Bamboo Agrolink, MOFA-DEAS, Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, FARA Video
The video demonstrates the potential of bamboo leaves to be used as fodder for livestock in Ghana. Bamboo leaves are evergreen and are higher in nutrient contents particularly crude protein compared to the traditional livestock fodder such as grasses and tree leaves. The project was conducted as part of the BiomassWeb project (www.biomassweb.org).