Vegetables and mushrooms
Vegetables and mushrooms play an important role in nutrition, food security, and income generation for smallholder farmers, particularly for those in urban and peri-urban areas. With increasing urbanization and changing diets, demand for vegetables is expected to rise in Africa in the coming decades. Some vegetables produced include lettuce, cabbage, carrots, onions, okra, and indigenous leafy greens like amaranth, African nightshade, pumpkin and pea leaves.
There is a long-standing tradition of wild mushroom hunting in Africa, but domestic mushroom production has increased in recent years. The production of mushrooms from various biowastes has become an effective way to create value from waste generated in agricultural and industrial sectors.
Challenges in vegetable and mushroom production include difficult access to inputs such as water, good quality seeds and plants, inadequate management practices, high post-harvest losses due to product perishability and poor conservation, and long distances or lack of access to markets.
Christine Fürst, Susanne Frank, Katrin Pietzsch, Frank Pietzsch GISCAME 2.0 – Manual v2.4 PiSolution GmbH
The software GISCAME (formerly „Pimp Your Landscape“) supports the simulation, visualisation, and evaluation of land use changes. Due to its modular structure, problems can be elaborated individually from different perspectives.
GISCAME pursues the aim to evaluate land use based on available regional knowledge (empirical data, model results/reports, and expert knowledge) in order to provide a tool to weigh action alternatives for the planner. GISCAME considers the landscape as an integrative layer for interactions between different land use types, land users, and ecosystem processes, which contribute to the provision of ecosystem services. The integrated evaluation and regulation system allows the formulation of parameters as well as the setting of conversion rules.
GISCAME is one of three components of the GISCAME Suite. For bundling data and for selecting a model region from an interactive map, the software OSM4GISCAME is used. Data which contain gaps or which have too low thematic resolution, can be completed or specified with the help of the structure generator SG4GISCAME.