“Bioenergy” covers the use of biomass and biomass waste for energy purposes.
Bioenergy is the most widely used renewable energy worldwide and can be defined as “energy contained in living or recently living biological organisms (i.e., biomass)”. Both in Africa and globally there is an increasing demand for food and non-food biomass due to population growth, dietary shifts and the move from fossil-fuel based economies to biomass-based economies. Moreover, the continued use of wood and charcoal for satisfying basic energy needs puts significant pressure on the remaining natural forests and other wooded ecosystems in Africa, also having influences on biodiversity and rural livelihoods. As the demand for bioenergy may create trade-offs between food and non-food biomass production, careful planning and decision-making are required to achieve positive effects from substituting fossil fuels with bioenergy options. Meanwhile, innovative processing and the use of biomass waste can help produce bioenergy without jeopardizing food security and environmental protection.
This thematic area features contributions related to the:
- Biofuels made from crops, such as from corn and oil palms
- Biogas produced from waste products, such as from coffee pulps
- Solid biomass used for energy purposes such as wood, charcoal, bamboo, dung and agricultural residues
Theme coordinator: Raymond Jatta
Christine Fürst, Susanne Frank, Katrin Pietzsch, Frank Pietzsch GISCAME 2.0 – Manual v2.4 PiSolution GmbH
The software GISCAME (formerly „Pimp Your Landscape“) supports the simulation, visualisation, and evaluation of land use changes. Due to its modular structure, problems can be elaborated individually from different perspectives.
GISCAME pursues the aim to evaluate land use based on available regional knowledge (empirical data, model results/reports, and expert knowledge) in order to provide a tool to weigh action alternatives for the planner. GISCAME considers the landscape as an integrative layer for interactions between different land use types, land users, and ecosystem processes, which contribute to the provision of ecosystem services. The integrated evaluation and regulation system allows the formulation of parameters as well as the setting of conversion rules.
GISCAME is one of three components of the GISCAME Suite. For bundling data and for selecting a model region from an interactive map, the software OSM4GISCAME is used. Data which contain gaps or which have too low thematic resolution, can be completed or specified with the help of the structure generator SG4GISCAME.