Environment and conservation
“Environment and conservation” deals with the environmental impacts of biomass production, processing and trade and the conservation of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes.
Although agricultural production systems in many parts of Africa are extensive, primarily traditional cropping and livestock systems, they can have strong environmental impacts. For example, natural forest, wetland and riverine ecosystems are frequently under pressure from a conversion to agricultural land, wood harvesting, and water withdrawal for irrigation. Agricultural intensification could help reduce the negative environmental effects of sprawling low-input cultivation systems, however only if land use decisions take into account environmental sustainability (water, soil) and biodiversity conservation.
This thematic area features contributions related to:
- Biodiversity conservation within agricultural production systems, e.g., species diversity and ecosystem services of agricultural production systems, effects of pesticides and fertilizers, diversity of cropping and agroforestry systems, crop genetic diversity
- Biodiversity conservation at the landscape level, e.g., structural diversity of agricultural landscapes, landscape fragmentation, effects of agricultural expansion on natural ecosystems, ecosystem degradation, conservation measures and management agreements
- Reducing the environmental footprint of biomass production, processing and trade, e.g., life cycle assessment, effects on water and soil, environmental certification schemes, technical solutions for environmental protection such as waste and water management
Theme coordinator: Christine Schmitt
Christine Fürst, Susanne Frank, Katrin Pietzsch, Frank Pietzsch GISCAME 2.0 – Manual v2.4 PiSolution GmbH
The software GISCAME (formerly „Pimp Your Landscape“) supports the simulation, visualisation, and evaluation of land use changes. Due to its modular structure, problems can be elaborated individually from different perspectives.
GISCAME pursues the aim to evaluate land use based on available regional knowledge (empirical data, model results/reports, and expert knowledge) in order to provide a tool to weigh action alternatives for the planner. GISCAME considers the landscape as an integrative layer for interactions between different land use types, land users, and ecosystem processes, which contribute to the provision of ecosystem services. The integrated evaluation and regulation system allows the formulation of parameters as well as the setting of conversion rules.
GISCAME is one of three components of the GISCAME Suite. For bundling data and for selecting a model region from an interactive map, the software OSM4GISCAME is used. Data which contain gaps or which have too low thematic resolution, can be completed or specified with the help of the structure generator SG4GISCAME.