Markets and trade
“Markets and trade” covers supply, demand, trade, and prices of biomass produce both domestically and between countries.
Demand for food and non-food biomass originating from Africa is expected to rise in the coming decades. This is related to population and economic growth within Africa as well as attempts to substitute fossil fuels in emerging and industrialized regions of the world. The increasing demand for biomass can only stimulate higher African biomass supply if a) markets for traditional biomass commodities and products become more efficient, and b) markets for innovative biomass commodities are created. This poses challenges for both domestic market development and foreign trade regimes.
This thematic area features contributions related to:
- Does growing international demand for non-food biomass reach African markets via price transmission? Should African countries lower trade barriers and ease market access to stimulate domestic biomass production, and – if yes – how?
- Will increased supply of non-food biomass by African producers pose a threat to food security by crowding out food biomass?
- Sub-Saharan Africa will see considerable population growth in the coming decades, putting pressure on domestic food and land use systems. How can this prospect be reconciled with a greater export orientation of African biomass producers?
Theme coordinator: Arnim Kuhn
Food Monitor is an early warning system that tracks global food price and supply risks which could potentially lead to food insecurity.
The causes of food insecurity are complex and multi-dimensional. After decades of low agricultural commodity prices, the 2007/08 food price crisis witnessed extreme price spikes on global markets, which had devastating consequences for developing countries. Food Monitor was established to warn about global food price and supply risks at the early stages of development. We monitor key staple commodities and their extreme price movements on global food markets, fulfilling a crucial gap that is missing in other early warning systems.
We use a simple traffic light system for each of our four indicators to warn about the current levels of risk associated with global food prices and supply.